DEMOGRAPHIC CORRELATES OF RESEARCH BEHAVIOR IN HIGHER EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Uzoma Omego Department of Educational Foundation and Administration Federal College of Education, Eha Amufu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53555/nnel.v8i5.1251

Keywords:

Research behavior, YoS, gender, higher education

Abstract

Research behavior in higher education is an essential component of the contemporary education ecosystem. However, a growing indication suggests poor research behavior in Nigeria's academia. Although, the constrictions impeding efficient and globally competitive research development in the higher education system have been emphasized in the literature. However, most demographic factors are not fully explored relative to research behavior. Thus, the present paper examined research behavior based on years of service and gender. One hundred and fourteen academic staff pooled from public tertiary institutions in the Enugu States of Nigeria completed a self-report measure. The linear regression analysis conducted to determine the effect of the demographic variables on research behavior revealed that years of service F (1,112), 6.01 P<.019, and gender F (2,111), 6.01 P<.533 had no statistically significant interaction with research behavior in higher education. Notably, the R2 indicated that the predictor variables accounted for 0.81% of the observed variance in research behavior in HEI. The result has implications for research, policy-making, and the development of research behavior in higher education.

References

Abu-helalah, M. A., Alshraideh, H. A., Al-abdouh, A. A., Dalbah, T. A., Badran, Y. R., Masarweh, O. F., Hirzallah, M. I., & Hijazeen, J. K. (2015). Research participation among medical students in Jordan: Rates, attitudes, and barriers. International Journal of Academic Research, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.7813/2075-4124/7-2/A.52

Almazova, N., Krylova, E., Rubtsova, A., & Odinokaya, M. (2020). Challenges and opportunities for Russian higher education amid covid-19: Teachers' perspective. Education Sciences, 10(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10120368

Amaratunga, D., & Senaratne, S. (2009). Principles of integrating research into teaching in higher education: Built environment perspective. International Journal of Construction Education and Research, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/15578770903152856

Ashrafi-Rizi, H., Fateme, Z., Khorasgani, Z. G., Kazempour, Z., & Imani, S. T. (2015). Barriers to research activities from the perspective of the students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Acta Informatica Medica, 23(3). https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2015.23.155-159

Beanland, V., Walsh, E. I., & Pammer, K. (2020). Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of and Engagement in Research Participation to Fulfill an Introductory Psychology Course Requirement. Teaching of Psychology, 47(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0098628319888115

Bhagavathula, A., Bandari, D., Tefera, Y., Jamshed, S., Elnour, A., & Shehab, A. (2017). The Attitude of Medical and Pharmacy Students towards Research Activities: A Multicenter Approach. Pharmacy, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy5040055

Boholano, H. B., Olvido, M. M. J., & Cardillo, M. B. (2014). Fractal variations of research and teaching in top-ranking universities in Asia and the world. European Journal of Educational Sciences, 01(01). https://doi.org/10.19044/ejes.v1no1a8

Borakati, A., McLean, K., Bhangu, A., Drake, T. M., Fitzgerald, J. E., Harrison, E. M., Kamarajah, S. K., Khatri, C., Woin, E., Glasbey, J., Nepogodiev, D., Abbas, M., Abdalkoddus, M., Abdel-Fattah, A., Abdelgalil, R., Abdikadir, H., Adams, R., Adams, S., Adelaja, I., … Zulkifli, A. (2017). Students' participation in collaborative research should be recognized. In International Journal of Surgery (Vol. 39). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.01.114

Chin, D. C. W., & Law, R. (2020). Back to basics: Academic research in tourism and hospitality management – The case of Hong Kong. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358419863157

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. In Educational Research (Vol. 4).

Davis, S. N., & Jones, R. M. (2017). Understanding the role of the mentor in developing research competency among undergraduate researchers. Mentoring and Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 25(4). https://doi.org/10.1080/13611267.2017.1403534

Etzkowitz, H. (2003). Research groups as "quasi-firms": The invention of the entrepreneurial university. Research Policy, 32(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(02)00009-4

Falconer, J., & Holcomb, D. (2008). Understanding undergraduate research experiences from the student perspective: a phenomenological study of a summer student research program. College Student Journal, 42(3).

Hajdarpasic, A., Brew, A., & Popenici, S. (2015). The contribution of academics' engagement in research to undergraduate education. Studies in Higher Education, 40(4). https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2013.842215

Igiri, B. E., Okoduwa, S. I. R., Akabuogu, E. P., Okoduwa, U. J., Enang, I. A., Idowu, O. O., Abdullahi, S., Onukak, I. E., Onuruka, C. C., Christopher, O. P. O., Salawu, A. O., Chris, A. O., & Onyemachi, D. I. (2021). Focused Research on the Challenges and Productivity of Researchers in Nigerian Academic Institutions Without Funding. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/frma.2021.727228

Imhonopi, D., & Urim, U. M. (2013). Factors affecting scholarly research output in Nigeria: perception of academics in South-Western universities. In Unilag Sociological Review (USR): Vol. X.

Impedovo, M. A., & Malik, S. K. (2016). Becoming a reflective in-service teacher: The role of research attitude. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 41(1).

Kachalova, L. P., Kolmogorova, I. V., Kolosovskaya, T. A., Svetonosova, L. G., & Solonina, L. V. (2019). Students research technology in the educational process. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(8).

Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D. P. (2001). Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues (5th ed.). Psychological Testing: Principles, Applications, and Issues (5th Ed.)., 44.

Katz, E., & Coleman, M. (2001). The growing importance of research at academic colleges of education in Israel. Education + Training, 43(2). https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000005423

Kozlov, A. V., Tamer, O. S., Lapteva, S. V., Temirbaev, R. M., Vorobyeva, T. I., & Bondarovskaya, L. V. (2017). Didactic system for improving the students' research activities. Man in India, 97(15).

Krylova, O. V., Mamontova, E. R., Tsypkina, A. V., & Rozhnova, S. A. (2019). Implementation of scientific research activities of students within the framework of the interdisciplinary competency approach to specialty «pharmacy. Russian Journal of Biopharmaceuticals, 11(1).

Landicho, C. J. B. (2020). Research Attitudes, Motivations, and Challenges of STEM Education Researchers. International Journal of Technology in Education, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.46328/ijte.v3i1.21

McLaughlin, J., Patel, M., Johnson, D. K., & De la Rosa, C. L. (2018). The Impact of a Short-Term Study Abroad Program that Offers a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience and Conservation Activities. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 30(3). https://doi.org/10.36366/frontiers.v30i3.424

Mina, S., Mostafa, S., Albarqawi, H. T., Alnajjar, A., Obeidat, A. S., Alkattan, W., & Abu-Zaid, A. (2016). Perceived influential factors toward participation in undergraduate research activities among medical students at Alfaisal University - College of Medicine: A Saudi Arabian perspective. Medical Teacher, 38. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2016.1142508

Noguez, J., & Neri, L. (2019). Research-based learning: a case study for engineering students. International Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing, 13(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12008-019-00570-x

Okoduwa, S. I. R., Abe, J. O., Samuel, B. I., Chris, A. O., Oladimeji, R. A., Idowu, O. O., & Okoduwa, U. J. (2018). Attitudes, Perceptions, and Barriers to Research and Publishing Among Research and Teaching Staff in a Nigerian Research Institute. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, 3. https://doi.org/10.3389/frma.2018.00026

Pascal Iloh, G. U., Amadi, A., Iro, O., Agboola, S., Aguocha, G., & Chukwuonye, M. (2020). Attitude, practice orientation, benefits and barriers towards health research and publications among medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_284_18

Razeghi, N. (2019). Factors influencing research activities of postgraduate students in the University of Mazandaran, Iran. Asian Journal of University Education, 15(1).

Roach, M. (2017). Encouraging entrepreneurship in university labs: Research activities, research outputs, and early doctorate careers. PLoS ONE, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170444

Sabel'nikova-Begashvili, N., & Khudoverdova, S. (2020). Improving the Professional Competence of the Teacher in the Organization of Research Activities of Students. Standards and Monitoring in Education, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.12737/1998-1740-2020-11-16

Swan, A., Inkelas, K. K., Jones, J., Pretlow, J., & Keller, T. (2018). The Role of High School Research Experiences in Shaping Students' Research Self-Efficacy and Preparation for Undergraduate Research Participation. Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, 30(1).

Tack, H., & Vanderlinde, R. (2014). Teacher Educators' Professional Development: Towards a Typology of Teacher Educators' Researcherly Disposition. British Journal of Educational Studies, 62(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/00071005.2014.957639

Times Higher Education. (2021). Impact Rankings 2021 | Times Higher Education (THE). https://www.timeshighereducation.com/impactrankings#!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/undefined

Uzochukwu, O. C., Orogbu, O. L., & O., I. R. (2016). TETFund International Programmes and Academic Staff Development of Selected Universities in southeast Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Public Finance, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.22158/jepf.v2n1p171

Vossen, T. E., Henze, I., Rippe, R. C. A., Van Driel, J. H., & De Vries, M. J. (2018). Attitudes of secondary school students towards doing research and design activities. International Journal of Science Education, 40(13). https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2018.1494395

Weiner, S. A., & Watkinson, C. (2014). What do Students Learn from Participation in an Undergraduate Research Journal? Results of an Assessment. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.1125

Yusuf, A. (2012). An appraisal of research in Nigeria's University sector. Jorind, 10(2).

Published

2022-06-09

How to Cite

Omego, U. . (2022). DEMOGRAPHIC CORRELATES OF RESEARCH BEHAVIOR IN HIGHER EDUCATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA. International Journal of Advance Research in Education &Amp; Literature, 8(5), 7–11. https://doi.org/10.53555/nnel.v8i5.1251