EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF MATHEMATIC GAMIFICATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT'S ATTITUDE TO MATHEMATICS HOMEWORK
Keywords:Homework behavior, prodigy, gamification, students, primary school
Technology has increasingly been integrated into the educational systems of developing nations, including Nigeria. The trend has contributed immensely to the development of many learning institutions and individual capacity building. The primary school system represents the beginning of learning and reflects a prime period to develop learning attitudes. Teachers use homework to augment classroom learning and improve performance. However, indications suggest that primary school students avoid mathematics homework. The present study examined the effect of a math game app (Prodigy) on students' math homework behavior. A quasi-experimental design was adopted, and the samples were grouped into experimental groups (N=58), exposed to the prodigy app, and control group (N=55), taught in conventional circumstances. The experiment consisted of 24 sessions stressed over three months. Participants were engaged in two sessions per week, lasting about 50 minutes. The findings indicated a mean difference (MD = 12.71) between the post-test study groups. Also, the result revealed a significant difference between the experimental and control group on homework behavior t (111) = 6.132, p = .001. The result has implications for mathematics development.
Abdullahi, U., & Sirajo, M. (2020). Effect of resource factors and quality of instruction on performance in mathematics of Nigeria secondary school students. Journal of Mathematics Education, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.31327/jme.v5i1.1200
Adebule, S. O. &, & Ayoola, O. O. (2015). Evaluation of instructional materials commonly used in mathematics teaching in junior secondary schools in Ekiti state. Online), 5(18).
Agashi, P. P., & Adeniyi, S. G. (2021). Mathematics anxiety and choice of subject among junior secondary school students. Int. J. Adv. Res, 9(05), 527–537. https://doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/12869
Aguele, L. I., & Usman, K. O. (2007). Mathematics education for a dynamic economy in Nigeria in the 21 st century. Journal of Social Sciences, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2007.11892594
Ajayi, K. O., Ajayi, O. A., & Onabanjo, C. F. (2011). Path-analytic study of students' home background, academic motivation, self-concept on attitude, and achievement in senior secondary school mathematics in Ogun State, Nigeria. European Journal of Scientific Research, 58(4).
Akinoso, S. O. (2018). Mathematics teachers' awareness of teachable moments in the Nigerian classroom. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/80631
Akinsanya, O. O. (2011). Relative effects of parents' occupation, qualification and academic motivation of wards on students' achievement in senior secondary school mathematics in Ogun State. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 3(2).
Andrews, P. (2007). The curricular importance of mathematics: A comparison of English and Hungarian teachers' espoused beliefs. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 39(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/00220270600773082
Asikhia, O. A. (2021). Gender effect on mathematics anxiety of secondary school students in Ogun West senatorial district, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajess/2021/v15i430386
Ayinde, M. (2014). Impact of Information Seeking Strategies and Utilization of Mathematics Teachers' on the performance of SSS 2 Students in Lagos State, Nigeria: Implication to Pedagogical Practices. In Middle Eastern & African Journal of Educational Research.
Banks, F., & Barlex, D. (2020). Teaching STEM in secondary school. In Teaching STEM in the Secondary School. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429317736
Bartoschek, T., Schwering, A., Li, R., & Münzer, S. (2013). Ori-Gami–An App fostering spatial competency development and spatial learning of children. Agile.
Batzogiannis, I., Hatzikraniotis, E., Papadopoulos, A., Papadopoulos, P., & Zoungouridis, P. S. (2018). Using a math game to improve basic math skills. INTED2018 Proceedings, 1. https://doi.org/10.21125/inted.2018.0634
Bottino, R. M., Ferlino, L., Ott, M., & Tavella, M. (2007). Developing strategic and reasoning abilities with computer games at the primary school level. Computers and Education, 49(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2006.02.003
Boulton, H., Spieler, B., Petri, A., Schindler, C., Slany, W., & Beltran, X. (2018). The role of game jams in developing informal learning of computational thinking: a cross-European case study. In arXiv. https://doi.org/10.21125/edulearn.2016.0538
Chang, M., Evans, M. A., Kim, S., Norton, A., & Samur, Y. (2015). Differential effects of learning games on mathematics proficiency. Educational Media International, 52(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/09523987.2015.1005427
Charles-Ogan, G. (2015). Mathematics As a Tool for Achieving the Vision 20:2020 Goal of National Transformation. International Journal of Education, Learning, and Development, 3(8).
Coelho, A., Cardoso, P., Camilo, M., & Sousa, A. (2019). Designing a mobile app for the development of pervasive games. ICGI 2019 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Graphics and Interaction. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICGI47575.2019.8955034
Dettmers, S., Yotyodying, S., & Jonkmann, K. (2019). Antecedents and outcomes of parental homework involvement: How do family-school partnerships affect parental homework involvement and student outcomes? Frontiers in Psychology, 10(MAY). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01048
Etuk, E. D., & Bello, D. O. (2016). Challenges and prospects of mathematics education in Nigeria. Journal of Assertiveness.
Eze, F. (2013). Effect of e-learning on achievement and interest in basic general mathematics among college of education students in Nigeria. Proceedings of the European Conference on E-Learning, ECEL.
Fabian, K., Topping, K. J., & Barron, I. G. (2018). Using mobile technologies for mathematics: effects on student attitudes and achievement. Educational Technology Research and Development, 66(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-018-9580-3
Fernández-Alonso, R., Suárez-Álvarez, J., & Muñiz, J. (2016). Homework and performance in mathematics: The role of the teacher, the family and the student’s background. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1387/RevPsicodidact.13939
Festus, B. (2014). Assessment in primary school mathematics classrooms in Nigeria. International Journal of Education Learning and Development, 2(2).
Flunger, B., Trautwein, U., Nagengast, B., Lüdtke, O., Niggli, A., & Schnyder, I. (2017). A person-centered approach to homework behavior: Students' characteristics predict their homework learning type. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.07.002
Gengle, H., Abel, M., & Mohammed, B. (2017). Effective teaching and learning strategies in science and mathematics to improve students' academic performance in Nigeria. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.9734/bjesbs/2017/26509
Godejord, B., Godejord, P. A., & Bostad, R. (2017). Ubiquitous technology in education context: an evaluation of a mobile learning application. ICERI2017 Proceedings, 1. https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2017.1300
Hawkins, R. O., & Axelrod, M. I. (2008). Increasing the on-task homework behavior of youth with behavior disorders using functional behavioral assessment. Behavior Modification, 32(6). https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445508318846
Hemmings, B., Grootenboer, P., & Kay, R. (2011). Predicting mathematics achievement: The influence of prior achievement and attitudes. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10763-010-9224-5
Hung, C. Y., Sun, J. C. Y., & Yu, P. T. (2015). The benefits of a challenge: student motivation and flow experience in tablet-PC-game-based learning. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2014.997248
Ishaq, A., Latunde, T., Ogwumu, D., Mustapha, A., & Ajinuhi, J. (2019). Impacts of simulation games on teaching and learning mathematics. Journal of Science Technology and Education, 7(4).
Jafari, S., & Asgari, A. (2020). Predicting students' academic achievement based on the classroom climate, mediating teacher-student interaction, and academic motivation. Integration of Education, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.15507/1991-9468.098.024.202001.062-074
Josiah, O., & Olubunmi Adejoke, E. (2014). Effect of gender, age, and mathematics anxiety on college students' achievement in algebra. American Journal of Educational Research, 2(7). https://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-7-7
Kachapova, F. (2014). On the importance of pure mathematics. Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.3844/jmssp.2014.421.422
Kalogiannakis, M., Papadakis, S., & Zourmpakis, A. I. (2021). Gamification in science education. A systematic review of the literature. Education Sciences, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11010022
Kusmaryono, I. (2014). The importance of mathematical power in mathematics learning. International Conference on Mathematics, Science, and Education, May.
Lafuente-Lechuga, M., Cifuentes-Faura, J., & Faura-Martínez, Ú. (2020). Mathematics applied to the economy and sustainable development goals: A necessary relationship of dependence. Education Sciences, 10(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10110339
Li, Y., & Schoenfeld, A. H. (2019). Problematizing teaching and learning mathematics as "given" in STEM education. In International Journal of STEM Education (Vol. 6, Issue 1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-019-0197-9
Liu, Z. Y., Chubarkova, E., & Kharakhordina, M. (2020). Online technologies in STEM education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(15). https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i15.14677
Makinde, S. O., & Yusuf, M. O. (2018). The flipped classroom: its effects on students' performance and retention in the secondary school mathematics classroom. International Journal for Innovative Technology Integration in Education.
Maliki, A. E., Ngban, A. N., & Ibu, J. E. (2009). Analysis of students' performance in junior secondary school mathematics examination in the Bayelsa state of Nigeria. Studies on Home and Community Science, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/09737189.2009.11885288
Maloney, E. A., Schaeffer, M. W., & Beilock, S. L. (2013). Mathematics anxiety and stereotype threat: Shared mechanisms, negative consequences, and promising interventions. Research in Mathematics Education, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/14794802.2013.797744
Maltese, A. V., Tai, R. H., & Fan, X. (2012). When is homework worth the time?: Evaluating the association between homework and high school science and math achievement. The High School Journal, 96(1). https://doi.org/10.1353/hsj.2012.0015
Moreno, R., & Durán, R. (2004). Do multiple representations need explanations? The role of verbal guidance and individual differences in multimedia mathematics learning. In Journal of Educational Psychology (Vol. 96, Issue 3). https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-06188.8.131.522
Mousavi, S., Radmehr, F., & Alamolhodaei, H. (2012). The role of mathematical homework and prior knowledge in the relationship between students' mathematical performance, cognitive style, and working memory capacity. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 10(3). https://doi.org/10.25115/ejrep.v10i28.1532
Musa, M., & Dauda, E. S. (2014). Trends analysis of students' mathematics performance West African Senior School Certificate Examination from 2003 to 2013: Implications for Nigerian's vision 20:2020. British Journal of Education, 2(7).
NCT03706144. (2018). Evaluating feasibility and effectiveness of computerized mathematic training. Https://Clinicaltrials.Gov/Show/NCT03706144.
Obadara, O. E. (2012). Comparative analysis of public and private university administration in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 32(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2012.11893079
Octavius, G. S., Silviani, F. R., Lesmandjaja, A., Angelina, & Juliansen, A. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on adolescents' mental health: a systematic review. In Middle East Current Psychiatry (Vol. 27, Issue 1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43045-020-00075-4
Olaitan, A. W. (2017). Impact of family structure on the academic performance of secondary school students in Yewa local government area of Ogun State, Nigeria. In International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research (Vol. 3, Issue 1).
Olatunde, Y. P. (2010). Adequacy of resource materials and students' mathematics achievement of senior secondary schools in Southwestern Nigeria. Social Sciences, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.3923/sscience.2010.103.107
Oribhabor, C. B. (2020). Evaluating the effect of activity-based method of teaching mathematics on Nigerian secondary school students' achievement in mathematics. Puissant – A Multidisciplinary Journal (ISSN, 1.
Oyinloye, O., & A. Popoola, A. (2013). Activating junior secondary school students' prior knowledge to develop vocabulary, concepts, and mathematics through instructional strategies. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.1n.2p.1
Ozcan, Z. & Erktin, E. (2013). Mathematics homework behavior scale: Reliability and validity study. Paper presented at the 21st Educational Sciences Conference, Istanbul
Ozughalu, U. M. (2012). The impact of socio-economic family background and body weight on students' academic achievements in mathematics: Evidence from a Nigerian University. European Journal of Social Sciences, 31(3).
Rienow, A., Lindner, C., Dedring, T., Hodam, H., Ortwein, A., Schultz, J., Selg, F., Staar, K., & Jürgens, C. (2020). Augmented reality and virtual reality applications based on satellite-borne and iss-borne remote sensing data for school lessons. PFG – Journal of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Science, 88(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41064-020-00113-0
Rosário, P., Cunha, J., Nunes, T., Nunes, A. R., Moreira, T., & Núñez, J. C. (2019). "Homework should be...but we do not live in an ideal world": Mathematics teachers' perspectives on quality homework and homework assigned in elementary and middle schools. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(FEB). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00224
Sa’ad, T. U., Sabo, S., & Dahuwa, A. A. (2015). Investigation into the causes of truancy among public senior secondary school students in Azare metropolis of Bauchi state, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education Ver. I, 5(5).
Santiago, J. M. S., De Albuquerque, M. C. N., De Almeida, F. K., Martins, F. R. F., & De Oliveira, Y. S. (2019). MathQuiz: A Game App for M-Learning. https://doi.org/10.5753/webmedia.2018.4569
Sarvehana, Z. S. J. (2019). Study on effectiveness of Hana game application on cognitive problem-solving skill, attention and academic achievement linguistics and mathematics on the first-grade student. Proceedings of the 2019 International Serious Games Symposium, ISGS 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGS49501.2019.9047023
Schenke, K., Redman, E. J. K. H., Chung, G. K. W. K., Chang, S. M., Feng, T., Parks, C. B., & Roberts, J. D. (2020). Does "Measure Up!" measure up? Evaluation of an iPad app to teach preschoolers measurement concepts. Computers and Education, 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103749
Siew, N. M., Geofrey, J., & Lee, B. N. (2016). Students' algebraic thinking and attitudes towards algebra: the effects of game-based learning using dragon box 12 + app. The Research Journal of Mathematics and Technology, 5(1).
Silinskas, G., & Kikas, E. (2019). Parental involvement in math homework: links to children's performance and motivation. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 63(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2017.1324901
Simsek, O. (2016). Using a game-based app as a learning tool for students with mathematics learning disabilities to increase fraction knowledge/skill. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
Spieler, B., Schindler, C., Slany, W., Mashkina, O., Beltrán, M. E., Boulton, H., & Brown, D. (2018). Evaluation of game templates to support programming activities in schools. In arXiv.
Sule, S. S. (2018). Examination of causes and effects of anxiety on secondary school students' poor academic performance in mathematics. International Journal of Academic Research in Education. https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.398823
Tajudin, N. M., Puteh, M., & Adnan, M. (2018). Guiding principles to foster higher-order thinking skills in teaching and learning mathematics. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(4). https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i4.15.21445
Tan, C., Yu, P., Lin, L., Fung, C., Lai, C., & Cheng, Y. (2017). Teaching Computational Thinking by Gamification of K-12 Mathematics: Mobile App Math Games in Mathematics and Computer Science Tournament. International Conference on Computational Thinking Education (CTE 2017).
Tavares, R., Vieira, R. M., & Pedro, L. (2021). Mobile app for science education: Designing the learning approach. Education Sciences, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11020079
Ugodulunwa, C., & Okolo, U. P. (2015). Effects of Formative Assessment on Mathematics Test Anxiety and Performance of Senior Secondary School Students in Jos, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education Ver. II, 5(2).
Valle, A., Regueiro, B., Núñez, J. C., Rodríguez, S., Piñeiro, I., & Rosário, P. (2016). Academic goals, student homework engagement, and academic achievement in elementary school. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(MAR). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00463
Widiati, I., & Juandi, D. (2019). Philosophy of mathematics education for sustainable development. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1157/2/022128
Yang, J. C., & Chen, S. Y. (2010). Effects of gender differences and spatial abilities within a digital pentominoes game. Computers and Education, 55(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.05.019
Yussop, Y. M., Annamalai, S., & Salam, S. A. (2019). Hi-math mobile app: Effectiveness in improving arithmetic skills of primary school students. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 7(6).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Advance Research in Mathematics And Statistics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Terms & Condition
Author can submit the manuscript through our online submission process or email us at the designated email id in contact details.
The other mode of submission not accepted than online and email.
Before submission please read the submission guidelines.
NN Publication accepts only article submitted in pdf/doc/docx/rtf file format. Another format except given file formats will no be considered .
Author will be responsible for the error mistakes in the submission files. The minor changes can be done without any cost after publication. But for major changes NN Publication may charges you the editing charges.
Publication (Online) -
The online publication is scheduled on last date of every month, but it can be delayed by 24 to 48 hours due to editorial process if huge number of articles comes to publish in single issue.
Automatic notificatation email will be sent to the all users on publication of an issue, so its author’s duty to check their email inbox or SPAM folder to get this notification.
After publication of article author can not withdraw their article.
If editor’s found any issue after publication of article then the NN Publication have the authority to remove the article from online website.
No refund will be provided after online publication of article.
Publication (Print) -
The print copy publication are sent as per the author’s request after 2 weeks of online publication of that issue.
NN Publication will ship the article by India Post and provide the consignment number on dispatch of print copy.
NN Publication follows all the guidelines of delivery provided by IndiaPost and hence not responsible for delay in delivery due to any kind of reasons.
Refund of hard copy will not be provided after dispatch or print of the journal.
NN Publication will be responsible for raise a complain if there is any issue occurs in delivery, but still will not be responsible for providing the refund.
NN Publication will be responsible to resend the print copy only and only if the print copy is lost or print copy is damaged in delivery / or there is delay more than 6 months.
According to India Post the delivery should be completed with in 1-3 weeks after dispatch of articles.
NN Publicationl uses the email ids of authors and editors and readers for sending editorial or publication notification only, we do not reveal or sell the email ids to any other website or company.