Crop Intensification Project Activities and Livelihood Improvement in Rwanda A Case of Maize Farmers In Munyaga Sector, Rwamagana District

Authors

  • Jean Bosco SEZIRAHIGA School of social sciences, Development Studies (MDS), Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Marie Claire MUKAMAZIMPAKA Mount Kenya University

Keywords:

Crop Intensification Project Activities, Livelihood Improvement, Maize Farmers, Rwanda

Abstract

Fruit main objective of this research is to examine the impact of Crop Intensification Program activities on the improvement of livelihoods in Rwanda. Concerning the sampling technique, the methodology to be used in information collection was questionnaire and interview guide that was conducted together with observation which was helpful in interpreting results. This research was conducted at the maize farmers in four cells located in Munyaga sector totaling 99 households making up the sample of respondents which was chosen randomly from the total of 6978 maize farmers. The findings proves that there is a relationship between increased land cultivation and increased diet and food security (p=.479 with sig=.000) between increased land cultivation and improved health (p=.730 of sig=.000) between increased seeds, yield and improved household income (p=.936 with sig=.000) between improved household income and improved health (p=.630 of sig=.000) between increased diet and food security and improved health (p=.688 with sig=.000) because all calculated p- values are less than the 0.01 level of significance. Therefore, this implies that there is a relationship between predictors of crop intensification project activities and livelihood improvement of maize farmers in Munyaga Sector of Rwamagana District in Rwanda. The R coefficient of 0.820 reveals that crop intensification project activities has a positive relationship on the health improvement. The coefficient of determination .672 R square also indicates that crop intensification project activities explain 67.2 % the variability of progressing in improved health status. Therefore, this shows that predictors of crop intensification project activities such as increased land of cultivation, improved seeds and yields affect the progress of improved health by 67.2% in CIP Munyaga Sector of Rwamagana District in Rwanda. Therefore, referring on the findings of the work the researcher is recommending local authorities to encourage farmers to join associations for crop intensification in order to enhance their livelihoods, to provide efficient management of the peasant masses to make possible means easier for maize farmers to access the most modern maize growing equipment, educate farmers in fertilizer use and integrated soil fertility and crop management and maintain an enabling market environment that encourage private sector investments. The researcher would like to recommend to improve access of information on market, price, supply availability, provide information to investors related to crop profitability, accessibility to finance, and to have considerable collaboration with sector and district agronomists in order to achieve production target. In conclusion, the findings have revealed that the livelihood of maize farmers has improved after joining crop intensification because the same results have proved a positive and significant relation between crop intensification project activities and livelihood improvement in Munyaga Sector, Rwamanaga District of Rwanda.

References

Burke, W. J., Jayne, T., & Black, J. R. (2017). Factors explaining the low and variable profitability of fertilizer application to maize in Zambia. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 48(1), 115-126.

Cantore, N. (2011). The Crop Intensification Program in Rwanda: a sustainability analysis. Overseas Development Institute, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7JD.

Collier, P. & Dercon, S. (2014). African Agriculture in 50 Years: Smallholders in a Rapidly Changing World? Journal of World Development 6(3)92-101. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.10.001

Diagne, A., Alia, D., Amovin-Assagba, E., Wopereis, M. S. C., & Saito, K. (2013). Farmer perceptions of the biophysical constraints to rice production in sub-Saharan Africa, and potential impact of research. In M. C. S. Wopereis, D. E. Johnson, N. Ahmadi, E. Tollens, & A. Jalloh (Eds.), Realizing Africa’s rice promise (pp. 46–68). Wallingford: CAB International.

Food and Agriculture Organisation, International Fund for Agriculture Development, United Nations Children’s Fund, World Food Programme & World Health Organisation. (2021). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021. Transforming food systems for food security, improved nutrition and affordable healthy diets for all. Rome, FAO. https://doi.org/10.4060/cb4474en

Kabandana, A. (2016). Challenges associated with the land law, policy and crop intensification program (CIP) in Rwanda, Academia. Internet Resource: http://www.academia.edu/12261810 (Accessed, February 21, 2021).

Knox, J., T., Hess, A., & Wheeler, T. (2012). Climate change impacts on crop productivity in Africa and South Asia. Environmental Research Journal, 7 (3), 40-52, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034032

Matsumoto, T. & Yamano, T. (2011). Optimal Fertilizer Use on Maize Production in East Africa. In Emerging Development of Agriculture in East Africa: Markets, Soil, and Innovations, ed. T. Yamano, K. Otsuka, and F. Place. The Netherlands: Springer.

MINAGRI. (2011). Sustainable Crop Intensification in Rwanda, shifting focus from producing enough to producing surplus.Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources. Kigali, Rwanda.

Ouya, F., Ingasia, O., & Kariuki, M.I. (2020). Effects of agricultural intensification practices on smallholder farmers’ livelihood outcomes in Kenyan hotspots of Climate Change. East African Journal of Science Technology and Innovation 2(1), 21-35. DOI: 10.37425/eajsti.v2i1.110

Pretty, J., Toulmin, C., & Williams, S. (2011). Sustainable intensification in African agriculture. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 9(1), 5–24. doi: 10.3763/ijas.2010.0583

Sheahan, M. & Barrett, C. B. (2017). Ten striking facts about agricultural input use in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Food Policy, Elsevier, 67(C), 12-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2016.09.01

Sommer, R., Bossio D., Desta L., Dimes J., Kihara J., Koala S., Mango N., Rodriguez D., Thierfelder C., Winowiecki L. (2013). Profitable and Sustainable Nutrient Management Systems for East and Southern African Smallholder Farming Systems – Challenges and Opportunities. https://repository.cimmyt.org/handle/10883/4035

Valbuena, D., Tui S.H.K., Erenstein O., Teufel N., Duncan A., Abdoulaye T., Swain B., Mekonnen K., Germaine I., Gérard B. (2015). Identifying determinants, pressures and trade- offs of crop residue use in mixed smallholder farms in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Journal of Agriculture Systems, 134 (3) 107–118.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-30

How to Cite

SEZIRAHIGA, J. B. ., & MUKAMAZIMPAKA, M. C. . (2021). Crop Intensification Project Activities and Livelihood Improvement in Rwanda A Case of Maize Farmers In Munyaga Sector, Rwamagana District. Journal of Advance Research in Food, Agriculture and Environmental Science (ISSN: 2208-2417), 7(10), 01–14. Retrieved from https://nnpub.org/index.php/FAES/article/view/1082