POPULATION DYNAMICS AND HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS IN AJAH, LAGOS, NIGERIA
Keywords:Population sprawl, housing, peri urban settlements, Ajah, Eti osa
The housing characteristics in Ajah Lagos State peri-urban settlements is characterised by high level of informal development, poor quality and confronted with multi-dimensional challenges. Policy response to the pattern of growth does not match the pace of rapid housing development in Lagos peri-urban settlements. This research examined the characteristics of housing in the peri-urban settlements of Lagos State, Nigeria and specifically investigated the drivers of housing characteristics, socio-economic attributes of the residents, the quality of housing and the challenges of the management of the emerging peri-urban housing developments. Using a case study approach, housing characteristics in peri-urban settlements in Ajah Eti osa Local Government Areas were selected to represent the rapidly urbanizing metropolitan peripheral areas in Lagos State. Data were collected through primary and secondary sources. Findings revealed that major drivers of housing development in the study area are principally land affordability, low cost of living, easy linkage and proximity to urban centres, and provision of better quality housing through exclusive gated housing development. The findings also demonstrate that different housing initiatives in the peri-urban settlements performed differently in typology and resident’s perception. Socio-economic attributes revealed a multi-cultural households composition, reasonable literacy level and mostly male headed households. Findings also showed factors that influence dwelling quality in the study area are choice of building materials, neighbourhood and locational quality. Challenges to governance are location-specific and mostly poor infrastructural development. It is recommended that improved quality and user performance peri-urban housing development can be achieved through residents’ participation in housing policy design and also by timely regional policy response to the pace of housing characteristics in Lagos peri-urban settlements. Population sprawl
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