Peace Keeping Practices and Security Promotion in Africa A Case of Rwanda’s Peacekeepers in Darfur


  • Catherine GATETE School of Social Sciences, Security Studies and Criminology, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Mercyline KAMANDE International Peace and Conflict Resolution, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda




Athambawa, S. & Mohammed, A. Y. (2019). The United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and Challenges.

Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 8 (3), 202-213. Doi: 10.2478/ajis-2019-0059

Brosig, M. & Sempijja, N. (2018). Does Peacekeeping Reduce Violence? Assessing Comprehensive Security of

Contemporary Peace Operations in Africa. Stability: International Journal of Security and

Development, 7(1), 4-16. DOI:

Caplan, R., & Hoeffler, A. (2017). Why peace endures: An analysis of post-conflict stabilization. European

Journal of International Security, 3 (2), 133–152.

Galot, L. (2017). Civilian protection in Africa: How the protection of civilians is being militarized by African

policymakers and diplomats. Journal of Contemporary Security Policy, 38 (1), 161-173.

Hegre, H., Hultman, L., & Mokleiv, H.N. (2018). Evaluating the conflict-reducing effect of UN peacekeeping

operations. Journal of Politics,12 (3), 111-126.

Hultman, L; Kathman, J & Shannon, M. (2013) United Nations peacekeeping and civilian protection in civil

war. American Journal of Political Science, 57(4): 875–891.

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and

Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607–610.

Kathman, J. & Melin, T. (2016) United Nations peacekeeping personnel commitments, 1990–2011. Conflict

Management and Peace Science 30(5): 532–549.

Meger, S. (2010). Rape of the Congo: Understanding sexual violence in the conflict in the Democratic Republic

of Congo. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 28 (2), 119-135.

Miller, H. (2014). What are the features of urbanization and cities that promote productivity, employment and

salaries? In E. PEAKs (Ed.), Helpdesk Request. London UK: EPS-PEAKS.

Schiel, R., Powell, J., & Daxecker, U. (2020). Peacekeeping Deployments and Mutinies in African Sending

States. Journal of Foreign Policy Analysis, 16 (3), 251–271.

United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations. (2015). UN Monthly Summaries. Accessed at shtml. On 17th July 2020.

Walter, B.F. (2015). Why bad governance leads to repeat civil war. Journal of Conflict of Resolution, 59:1242–




How to Cite

GATETE, C., & KAMANDE, M. (2021). Peace Keeping Practices and Security Promotion in Africa A Case of Rwanda’s Peacekeepers in Darfur. Journal of Advance Research in Social Science and Humanities (ISSN: 2208-2387), 7(10), 148–161. Retrieved from